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What is a parable? 
A parable is a brief, succinct story, in prose or verse, that illustrates a moral or religious lesson.

By what authority?
Jewish leaders questioning Jesus Christ in temple
by James Tissot 1886 French

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Read the full chapters with special attention to Mark 12:27-33 and Matthew 21:23-27  keep a marker in each place while reading
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In the temple the chief priests and elders were presented a parable by Jesus.
 

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Below are 4 artist conceptions of the what is called 'the parable of the tenants'

Tenant and the Master owner
Landlord meeting with the tenant
by Domenico Feti 1610 Italian

Servants of the master beaten by husbandmen
Messagers being beaten by husbandmen
by Christoph Weigel 1654 German

Servants beaten by husbandmen
Tenants beating and killing the owner's messengers
by Casper Luiken 1672 Dutch

Husbandmen and the heir
Tenants conspiring to kill heir
by Christoph Weigel 1695 German

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'The Parable of the Tenants' found two different places in the New Testament KJV and recorded below.

In Mark

Mark  12:1 And he (Jesus) began to speak unto them (chief priest and elders) by parables.
                 A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat (wine press), and built a tower,
                 and let (rented) it out to husbandmen (the tenant), and went into a far country.
Mark  12:2 And at the season (the harvest) he sent to the husbandmen (the tenant) a servant (his messanger), that he (the owner) might receive
 from the husbandmen
                 (the tenant) of the fruit of the vineyard (rent) .
Mark 12:3 And they (the tenants) caught him (the messenger), and beat him, and sent him away empty (to the owner with nothing).
Mark 12:4 And again he (the owner) sent unto them another servant (messanger); and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head,
                and sent him away shamefully handled. (beat him) 
Mark 12:5 And again he (the owner) sent another (messanger); and him they killed, and many others beating some, and killing some.
Mark 12:6 Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he (the owner) sent him (his only son) also last unto them, saying, They will reverence (respect) my son.
Mark 12:7 But those husbandmen (the tenants) said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours.
Mark 12:8 And they (the tenants) took him (the son), and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
Mark 12:9 What shall therefore the lord (owner) of the vineyard do? 
                he will come and destroy the husbandmen (the tenants), and will give the vineyard unto others.
 

Pearl of Great Value America's Strength
Pearl of great value
by Paul Peterson America 2003 oil 36" x 36"

In Matthew

Mt 21:33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about (placed a fence around it), and
              digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out (rented) to husbandmen (tenants), and went into a far country:
Mt 21:34 And when the time of the fruit drew near (harvest time), he sent his servants to the husbandmen (the tenants), that they might receive the fruits
              of it. (get their share)
Mt 21:35 And the husbandmen (the tenants) took his (the owners') servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
Mt 21:36 Again, he (the owner) sent other servants more than the first: and they (the tenants) did unto them likewise.
Mt 21:37 But last of all he (the owner) sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence (respect) my son.
Mt 21:38 But when the husbandmen (the tenants) saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him,
              and let us seize on (take) his inheritance.
Mt 21:39 And they (the tenants) caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew (killed) him.
Mt 21:40 When the lord (owner) therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen (tenants)?
Mt 21:41 They (the chief priests and elders) say unto him (Jesus), He (the owner) will miserably destroy those wicked
               men (tenants), and will let out (rent) his vineyard unto other husbandmen (tenants), which shall render (give)
               him the fruits in their seasons (rent at harvest) 
Mt 21:42 Jesus saith unto them (the chief priests and elders), Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the
               builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous
               in our eyes? quote from Psalms 118:22-23 but quote there it is not a question.
Mt 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you (the chief priests and elders leaders of Isreal
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               and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
Mt 21:44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder. 
 
  

Could America be that nation?

What nation was set aside by God in the first place? and for what purpose?